The term Latino is a noun and adjective often used in English and Spanish to refer to people in the United States with cultural ties to Latin America, in particular to those countries which are Spanish- or Portuguese-speaking.
Within the Latino community itself in the United States, there is some variation in how it is defined or used. Various U.S. governmental agencies, especially the Census Bureau, codified their usage, and so have specific definitions which may or may not agree with community usage, and includes a specific list of countries from which American residents stem, which are, or are not, included in the agency's definition of Latino.
These agencies were also simultaneously using the term Hispanic, which usually has a slightly different meaning: where Latino includes Brazil, Hispanic usually does not. Conversely, Hispanic includes Spaniards, whereas Latino does not.
Usage of Latino is tied to the United States. Residents of Central and South American countries usually refer to themselves by national origin, rarely as Latino. There is criticism of the term, coming from both inside and outside the United States. Other terms spun off from Latino exist, such as Latinx. | Wikipedia
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